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Planification à partir d’imagerie par résonance magnétique en radiothérapie [MRI-based radiotherapy planning]

Abstract : MRI-based radiotherapy planning is a topical subject due to the introduction of a new generation of treatment machines combining a linear accelerator and a MRI. One of the issues for introducing MRI in this task is the lack of information to provide tissue density information required for dose calculation. To cope with this issue, two strategies may be distinguished from the literature. Either a synthetic CT scan is generated from the MRI to plan the dose, or a dose is generated from the MRI based on physical underpinnings. Within the first group, three approaches appear: bulk density mapping assign a homogeneous density to different volumes of interest manually defined on a patient MRI; machine learning-based approaches model local relationship between CT and MRI image intensities from multiple data, then applying the model to a new MRI; atlas-based approaches use a co-registered training data set (CT-MRI) which are registered to a new MRI to create a pseudo CT from spatial correspondences in a final fusion step. Within the second group, physics-based approaches aim at computing the dose directly from the hydrogen contained within the tissues, quantified by MRI. Excepting the physics approach, all these methods generate a synthetic CT called "pseudo CT", on which radiotherapy planning will be finally realized. This literature review shows that atlas- and machine learning-based approaches appear more accurate dosimetrically. Bulk density approaches are not appropriate for bone localization. The fastest methods are machine learning and the slowest are atlas-based approaches. The less automatized are bulk density assignation methods. The physical approaches appear very promising methods. Finally, the validation of these methods is crucial for a clinical practice, in particular in the perspective of adaptive radiotherapy delivered by a linear accelerator combined with an MRI scanner.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 1:33:33 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 7:30:03 PM




A. Largent, J.-C. Nunes, C. Lafond, N. Périchon, J. Castelli, et al.. Planification à partir d’imagerie par résonance magnétique en radiothérapie [MRI-based radiotherapy planning]. Cancer Radiothérapie, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 21 (8), pp.788-798. ⟨10.1016/j.canrad.2017.02.007⟩. ⟨hal-01681135⟩



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