Is the Gas-phase OH+H2CO Reaction a Source of HCO in Interstellar Cold Dark Clouds? A Kinetic, Dynamic, and Modeling Study

Abstract : The chemical kinetics of neutral-neutral gas-phase reactions at ultralow temperatures is a fascinating research subject with important implications on the chemistry of complex organic molecules in the interstellar medium (T similar to 10-100 K). Scarce kinetic information is currently available for these kinds of reactions at T < 200 K. In this work, we use the Cinetique de Reaction en Ecoulement Supersonique Uniforme (CRESU; Reaction Kinetics in a Uniform Supersonic Flow) technique to measure for the first time the rate coefficients (k) of the gas-phase OH+H2CO reaction between 22 and 107 K. The k values greatly increase from 2.1. x. 10(-11) cm(3) s(-1) at 107 K to 1.2. x. 10(-10) cm(3) s(-1) at 22 K. This is also confirmed by quasi-classical trajectories (QCT) at collision energies down to 0.1 meV performed using a new full dimension and ab initio potential energy surface that generates highly accurate potential and includes long-range dipole-dipole interactions. QCT calculations indicate that at low temperatures HCO is the exclusive product for the OH+H2CO reaction. In order to revisit the chemistry of HCO in cold dense clouds, k is reasonably extrapolated from the experimental results at 10 K (2.6 x 10(-10) cm(3) s(-1)). The modeled abundances of HCO are in agreement with the observations in cold dark clouds for an evolving time of 10(5) - 10(6) yr. The different sources of production of HCO are presented and the uncertainties in the chemical networks are discussed. The present reaction is shown to account for a few percent of the total HCO production rate. This reaction can be expected to be a competitive process in the chemistry of prestellar cores. Extensions to photodissociation regions and diffuse cloud environments are also addressed.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 1:49:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 23, 2019 - 10:08:04 AM

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A. J. Ocana, E. Jimenez, B. Ballesteros, André Canosa, M. Antiñolo, et al.. Is the Gas-phase OH+H2CO Reaction a Source of HCO in Interstellar Cold Dark Clouds? A Kinetic, Dynamic, and Modeling Study. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2017, 850 (1), pp.28. ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/aa93d9⟩. ⟨hal-01681152⟩

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