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Robust Ultraminiature Capsule Antenna for Ingestible and Implantable Applications

Abstract : Progress in implantable and ingestible wireless biotelemetry requires versatile and efficient antennas to communicate reliably from a body. We propose an ultraminiature 434 MHz antenna immune to impedance detuning caused by varying electromagnetic properties of the surrounding biological environment. It is designed for a standard input impedance of 50 Omega. The antenna is synthesized and miniaturized using a hybrid analytical-numerical approach, and then optimized to conform to the inner surface of a 17 mm long biocompatible encapsulation (7 mm diameter). The substrate is 50 mu m thick. The capsule antenna is analyzed both in simplified and anatomically realistic heterogeneous phantoms. It remains matched at common implantation sites and through the whole gastrointestinal tract. Enhanced robustness allows using the antenna for a wide range of in-body applications. Computed reflection coefficients and radiation performance both show good agreement with measurements. The far field is characterized with the direct illumination technique using an analog fiber optic link. The realized gain (measured max. value -19.6 dBi) exceeds the counterparts by about 3 dBi. The proposed antenna contributes to the further development of a new generation of miniature in-body devices that involve complex and dense integration of sensors, logic, and power source.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 15, 2018 - 3:43:37 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 30, 2021 - 3:34:26 AM



Denys Nikolayev, Maxim Zhadobov, Laurent Le Coq, Pavel Karban, Ronan Sauleau. Robust Ultraminiature Capsule Antenna for Ingestible and Implantable Applications. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 65 (11), pp.6107-6119. ⟨10.1109/TAP.2017.2755764⟩. ⟨hal-01684558⟩



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