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The pro-apoptotic BAX protein influences cell growth and differentiation from the nucleus in healthy interphasic cells

Abstract : It has become more and more evident that the BCL-2 family proteins mediate a wide range of non-apoptotic functions. The pro-apoptotic BAX protein has been reported in interphasic nuclei. Whether the nuclear form of BAX could be involved in non-apoptotic function is still unknown. Our study showed for the first time that BAX was associated with chromatin in vitro. Next, we used gain and loss of function approaches to decipher the potential role of nuclear BAX in non-apoptotic cells. In vitro, nuclear BAX promoted cell proliferation in lung epithelial cells and primary human lung fibroblasts by modulating CDKN1A expression. Interestingly, BAX occupancy of CDKN1A promoter was specifically enriched close to the transcription-starting site. Nuclear BAX also modulated the basal myofibroblastic differentiation and migration of primary human lung fibroblasts. Finally, BAX nuclear localization was associated in vivo with the remodelling of lung parenchyma during development, tumorigenesis as well as fibrosis compared to control adult human lungs. Hence, our study established for the first time, a strong link between the nuclear localization of the pro-apoptotic BAX protein and key basic cellular functions in the non-apoptotic setting.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 31, 2018 - 2:27:07 PM
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Stéphanie Brayer, Audrey Joannes, Madeleine Jaillet, Elisa Gregianin, Souhir Mahmoudi, et al.. The pro-apoptotic BAX protein influences cell growth and differentiation from the nucleus in healthy interphasic cells. Cell Cycle, Taylor & Francis, 2017, 16 (21), pp.2108 - 2118. ⟨10.1080/15384101.2017.1371882⟩. ⟨hal-01697697⟩

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