Implementation of an Occupational Therapy Program for Alzheimer's Disease Patients in France Patients' and Caregivers' Perspectives

Abstract : Background - The French National Alzheimer Plan 2008-2012 created specialized Alzheimer teams, which provide up to 15 sessions of cognitive rehabilitation in the patient's home for 3 months. Sessions are conducted by an occupational therapist and a gerontological nursing assistant.

Objectives - As the patient's experience is one determinant of successful implementation, we explored the usefulness of these teams as viewed by the patient and his or her main caregiver.

Methods - Thirteen patients and their caregiver, previously assisted by a specialized Alzheimer team, were individually given semi-structured interviews (n = 26, duration 20 to 180 minutes).

Results - Our study showed that although patients and caregiver had no initial expectations, most of them appreciated the support provided by the specialized Alzheimer teams. Patients valued the "human" component, and favored interventions that improved quality of life over those intended to maintain functional capacities. Caregivers observed improved mood and behavior in patients. Those involved in sessions felt empowered by contact with a specialized Alzheimer team. We discuss how patients' and caregivers' feedback influenced the implementation process through comprehensive use of the five dimensions of the RE-AIM framework.

Conclusion - Whereas intervention by specialized Alzheimer teams was largely accepted by health care professionals, patients, and caregivers, its effectiveness is questioned in view of its deviation from the evidence-based model. Interviews with patients and caregivers shed light on some reasons for this deviation, as what they value in the intervention differs from the functional focus of the model.

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Journal articles
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01777869
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 10:41:48 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 5, 2018 - 1:58:01 PM

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Aline Corvol, Alix Netter, Arnaud Campéon, Dominique Somme. Implementation of an Occupational Therapy Program for Alzheimer's Disease Patients in France Patients' and Caregivers' Perspectives. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, IOS Press, 2018, 62 (1), pp.157-164. ⟨10.3233/JAD-170765⟩. ⟨hal-01777869⟩

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