Small and large spatial scale coexistence of ctenid spiders in a neotropical forest (French Guiana)

Abstract : While spiders constitute the most abundant and diverse arthropods in many habitats, they remained under-studied, especially in tropical rainforests. The goal of this study is to assess the spatial distribution of the spider family Ctenidae by assessing associations of species diversity and population traits among different habitat conditions. Fieldwork was carried out during 2013 in habitats varying in flooding frequency (plateau vs. flooded forest) and elevation (inselberg vs. lowland) in the Nouragues National Natural Reserve, French Guiana. Assemblage composition, population structure, and trait measurements of one dominant species were assessed using hand collection in replicated quadrats. We found strong effects on ctenid assemblages attributable to both elevation and flooding, with changes in relative abundance of species among habitats, but few correlated densities between species. At the population level, main differences in species distribution between and within habitats were detected only when juveniles were taken into account. No effect of elevation was found on the measurements of traits of the dominant species, but legs were proportionally shorter in flooded habitats, suggesting reduced active dispersal in these habitats. Our study highlights the value of complementary of measures of diversity and traits at different biological scales in Ctenidae. © 2018 Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 2, 2018 - 3:33:59 PM
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J. Pétillon, B. Leroy, E.A. Djoudi, V. Vedel. Small and large spatial scale coexistence of ctenid spiders in a neotropical forest (French Guiana). Tropical Zoology, 2018, 31 (2), pp.85-98. ⟨10.1080/03946975.2018.1448531⟩. ⟨hal-01783650⟩

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