Drug survival and postdrug survival of first-line immunosuppressive treatments for atopic dermatitis comparison between methotrexate and cyclosporine: Drug survival and post-drug survival of immunosuppressive treatments for atopic dermatitis

Abstract : Introduction - Cyclosporine and methotrexate are the two preferred first-line immunosuppressive treatments in atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was to compare the treatment profiles of methotrexate and cyclosporine in daily practice as the first-line immunosuppressive treatment in atopic dermatitis, using two survival analyses, 'drug survival' (time on the drug) and 'postdrug survival' (time between two drugs).Methods - Retrospective study including patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis treated with methotrexate or cyclosporine as the first-line immunosuppressive treatment. The reasons for discontinuation of treatment were collected as follows: controlled disease, treatment failure, side event pregnancy and non-compliance. 'Drug survival' and 'postdrug survival' analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and predictive factors were analysed using uni- and multivariate Cox regression analyses.Results - Fifty-six patients, among whom 25 patients treated with cyclosporine and 31 with methotrexate (median age: 34 ± 15 years), were included between 2007 and 2016. Reasons for discontinuation were not significantly different between 'controlled disease' and other reasons (P = 0.11). The median 'drug survival' was significantly longer for methotrexate (23 months) than for cyclosporine (8 months) (P < 0.0001). Six months from baseline, 93% of patients treated with methotrexate were still being treated vs 63% among patients treated with cyclosporine. The median of 'postdrug survival' was significantly longer for methotrexate (12 months) than for cyclosporine (2 months). Only treatment with CYC was a predictive factor for decreased 'drug survival' and 'postdrug survival'.Conclusion - This is the first direct comparison between methotrexate and cyclosporine as first-line immunosuppressive treatments for moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in daily practice. We evidenced two different treatment profiles: the duration of methotrexate administration is longer than that of cyclosporine. 'Postdrug survival' could be a new tool to assess the maintenance of effect of a drug after withdrawal in atopic dermatitis, and more broadly in chronic skin disease.
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Sarah Law Ping Man, Guillaume Bouzillé, Nathalie Beneton, Gilles Safa, Alain Dupuy, et al.. Drug survival and postdrug survival of first-line immunosuppressive treatments for atopic dermatitis comparison between methotrexate and cyclosporine: Drug survival and post-drug survival of immunosuppressive treatments for atopic dermatitis. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, Wiley, 2018, 32 (8), pp.1327-1335. ⟨10.1111/jdv.14880⟩. ⟨hal-01798651⟩

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