Remediation of oil-contaminated harbor sediments by chemical oxidation

Abstract : Oil hydrocarbons are widespread pollutants in sub-surface sediments with serious threats to terrestrial and aquatic environment. However, very limited data is available about remediation of historically contaminated sediments. This study reports the use of magnetite-catalyzed chemical oxidation (HO and NaSO) to degrade oil hydrocarbons in aged contaminated sediments. For this purpose, oil contaminated sediments were sampled from three different locations in France including two harbors and one petroleum industrial channel. These sediments were characterized by different hydrocarbon index (HI) values (3.7-9.0gkg), total organic carbon contents (1.9%-8.4%) and textures (sand, slit loam and silt). Chemical oxidation was performed in batch system for one week at circumneutral pH by HO alone, HO/Fe(II), HO/magnetite, NaSO alone, NaSO/Fe(II), and NaSO/magnetite. Results obtained by GC-FID indicated substantial hydrocarbon degradation (40-70%) by HO/magnetite and NaSO/magnetite. However, oxidants alone or with soluble Fe(II) caused small degradation (<5%). In the presence of HO/magnetite, degradation of extractable organic matter and that of HI were highly correlated. However, no such correlation was observed for NaSO/magnetite which resulted in higher removal of HI indicating its selective oxidation behavior. Treatment efficiency was negatively influenced by organic carbon and carbonate contents. For being the first study to report chemical oxidation of oil hydrocarbons in real contaminated sediments, it may have practical implications to design a remediation strategy for target contaminants.
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M Usman, K Hanna, P Faure. Remediation of oil-contaminated harbor sediments by chemical oxidation. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2018, 634, pp.1100-1107. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.04.092⟩. ⟨hal-01807881⟩

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