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Ground granulated blast-furnace slag


Since the discovery of the latent hydraulic reactivity of ground granulated blast-furnace slag (ggbfs) by Emil Langen at the end of the 19th century, this material has been used successfully as cement and concrete addition. This chapter includes all relevant information about this valuable material—from production and processing to the effect, which ggbfs additions have on the concrete performance. In this context, light is shed on decisive performance parameters of ggbfs. Of special interest nowadays is certainly also the information given about trace element contents in ggbfs and their leachability. Here and throughout the entire chapter, the latest insights from research and development work are included. Last but not least, the chapter contains very practical information when it comes to the use of ggbfs in concrete, including insights on rheological effects, concrete color and “greening”, and adequate curing. Moreover, an overview about relevant norms and standards on ggbfs as concrete addition is given. © RILEM 2018.

Dates and versions

hal-01809291 , version 1 (06-06-2018)



W. Matthes, A. Vollpracht, Y. Villagrán, Siham Kamali-Bernard, D. Hooton, et al.. Ground granulated blast-furnace slag. Ground granulated blast-furnace slag, 25, Springer Netherlands, pp.1-53, 2018, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-70606-1_1⟩. ⟨hal-01809291⟩
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