Sustainability of anaesthesia components of an enhanced recovery program (ERP) in colorectal and orthopaedics surgery

Abstract : Background - Sustainability of ERP is a challenge and data are scarce on the subject. The aim of this study was to assess if application of enhanced recovery elements through the Francophone Group of Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (Grace) in the anaesthesia management was sustainable 2 years after its implementation.Materials and methods - We conducted a retrospective analysis of the prospective Grace database between October 2014 and October 2016. The evolution of each recommendation item over time was analysed using non-parametric Spearman correlation coefficient.Results - A total of 67 and 43 centres corresponding to 2067 and 3022 patients participated to the Grace audit in colorectal and orthopaedics surgery, respectively. Colorectal surgery: Mean length of stay was 5 (±4) days and readmission rate was 6.6%. Application of most items did not statistically change. It worsened over time for PONV prophylaxis (P=0.01) and prevention of intraoperative hypothermia (P=0.02); and improved for NSAID administration (P=0.01). Orthopaedics surgery: Mean length of stay was 3 (±2) days and readmission rate was 1.7%. There was a trend towards improvement for most items. It reached statistical significance for PONV prophylaxis (P=0.001), limited preoperative fasting (P=0.01). While the use of a perineural catheter (P=0.001) decreased over time, infiltration of the surgical site statistically increased (P=0.05).Conclusion - This study shows on a large scale a trend towards less application of all ERP items over time. Continuous audits should be encouraged to expect further improvements.
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Hélène Beloeil, Karem Slim. Sustainability of anaesthesia components of an enhanced recovery program (ERP) in colorectal and orthopaedics surgery. Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 38 (1), pp.25-28. ⟨10.1016/j.accpm.2018.01.005⟩. ⟨hal-01811045⟩

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