Predictors of post-operative cardiovascular events, focused on atrial fibrillation, after valve surgery for primary mitral regurgitation

Abstract : Aims - Primary mitral regurgitation (PMR) can be considered as a heterogeneous clinical disease. The optimal timing of valve surgery for severe PMR remains unknown. To determine whether unbiased clustering analysis using dense phenotypic data (phenomapping) could identify phenotypically distinct PMR categories of patients. Methods and results - One hundred and twenty-two patients who underwent surgery were analysed, excluding patients with pre-operative permanent atrial fibrillation (AF), were prospectively included before surgery. They were given an extensive echocardiographic evaluation before surgery, and clinical data were collected. These phenotypic variables were grouped in clusters using hierarchical clustering analysis. Then, different groups were created using a dedicated phenomapping algorithm. Post-operative outcomes were compared between the groups. The primary endpoint was post-operative cardiovascular events (PCE), defined as a composite of: deaths, AF, stroke, and rehospitalization. The secondary endpoint was post-operative AF. Data from three phenogroups with different characteristics and prognoses were identified. Phenogroup-1 (67 patients) was the reference group. Phenogroup-2 (33 patients) included intermediate-risk male and smoker patients with heart remodelling. Phenogroup-3 (22 patients) included older female patients with comorbidities (chronic renal failure, paroxysmal AF) and diastolic dysfunction. They had a higher risk of developing both PCE [(hazard ratio) HR = 3.57(1.72-7.44), P < 0.001] and post-operative AF [HR = 4.75(2.03-11.10), P < 0.001]. Pre-operative paroxysmal AF was identified as an independent risk factor for PCE. Conclusion - Classification of PMR can be improved using statistical learning algorithms to define therapeutically homogeneous patient subclasses. High-risk patients can be identified, and these patients should be carefully monitored and may even be treated earlier.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 11, 2018 - 1:30:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 4, 2019 - 1:17:46 AM

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Anna Pimor, Elena Galli, Emilie Vitel, Hervé Corbineau, Christophe Leclercq, et al.. Predictors of post-operative cardiovascular events, focused on atrial fibrillation, after valve surgery for primary mitral regurgitation. European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging, Oxford UP, 2018, ⟨10.1093/ehjci/jey049⟩. ⟨hal-01812219⟩

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