Long-term exposure to sensory feed additives during the gestational and postnatal periods affects sows' colostrum and milk sensory profiles, piglets' growth, and feed intake

Abstract : This study investigated the effect of feed supplementation in sows and/or their progeny with 2 sensory feed additives (FA1 limonene and cinnamaldehyde; FA2 menthol, carvone, and anethole) on sows' feed intake, body weight, fat deposition, and colostrum/milk composition, as well as piglets' feed intake growth and feed efficiency from birth to slaughter at postnatal day 160 (PND160). During the last third of gestation and the whole of lactation, sows were subjected to a control diet (C) or the same diet containing FA1 or FA2 at 0.1% of complete feed content. Colostrum/milk samples were taken at days 1, 14, and 28 of lactation for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses. After weaning, the progeny was subjected to a control diet (C) or experimental diets with a sweetener (0.015%) but no other additive (S), or to diets with a sweetener and the additive FA1 (FA1S) or FA2 (FA2S). There was no effect of dietary treatment on sows' feed intake, body weight, or adiposity (P > 0.15 for all), but the sensory characteristics of their colostrum/milk were modified by the diet and diet*time interaction. Limonene concentrations were higher in FA1 samples from PND1 to PND28, whereas carvone and anethole concentrations were higher in FA2 samples from PND1 to PND28. The concentration of these 3 compounds increased with time in the respective groups where they were mostly detected. Menthol concentrations were higher in FA2 samples at PND14 and PND28, but there was no time effect. Overall, cinnamaldehyde was always below the detection range. Piglets born from FA1 and FA2 sows had higher body weight (P = 0.034 at PND160), average daily gain (ADG; P = 0.036 for PND0-160), and average daily feed intake (ADFI; P = 0.006 for PND28-160) than piglets born from C sows. Overall, piglets that were never exposed to FA or only after weaning had lower ADG (P = 0.030 for PND0-160) and ADFI (P = 0.016 for PND28-160) than piglets that were exposed to FA only via the maternal diet, the condition combining both pre- and post-natal exposure being intermediary. In conclusion, FA1 and FA2 provided to gestating and lactating sows increased the progeny's feed intake and growth, suggesting nutritional programming and/or sensory conditioning during the perinatal period. Addition of FA only in the progeny's diet was not beneficial.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 10, 2018 - 11:17:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 4, 2018 - 3:06:03 PM

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David Val-Laillet, J Stephen Elmore, David Baines, Peter Naylor, Robert Naylor. Long-term exposure to sensory feed additives during the gestational and postnatal periods affects sows' colostrum and milk sensory profiles, piglets' growth, and feed intake. Journal of animal science, 2018, 96 (8), pp.3233-3248. ⟨10.1093/jas/sky171⟩. ⟨hal-01834092⟩

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