Activity of fosfomycin alone or combined with temocillin in vitro and in a murine model of peritonitis due to KPC-3- or OXA-48-producing Escherichia coli

Abstract : Background - Alternative therapeutic regimens are urgently needed against carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Fosfomycin often remains active against KPC and OXA-48 producers, but emergence of resistance is a major limitation. Our aim was to determine whether the association of temocillin with fosfomycin might be useful to treat KPC- or OXA-48-producing Escherichia coli infections. Methods - Isogenic derivatives of E. coli CFT073 with blaKPC-3- or blaOXA-48-harbouring plasmids (named CFT073-KPC-3 and CFT073-OXA-48, respectively) were used. The addition of temocillin to fosfomycin was tested using the chequerboard method and time-kill curves as well as in a fatal peritonitis murine model. Mice were treated for 24 h with fosfomycin alone or in combination with temocillin. Bacterial loads, before and after treatment, were determined in the peritoneal fluid and fosfomycin-resistant mutants were detected. Results - Temocillin MICs were 8, 32 and 256 mg/L for CFT073 (WT), CFT073-KPC-3 and CFT073-OXA-48, respectively. Fosfomycin MIC was 0.5 mg/L for all strains. The chequerboard experiments demonstrated synergy for all three strains. In time-kill curves, combining temocillin with fosfomycin was synergistic, bactericidal and prevented emergence of resistance for CFT073-pTOPO and CFT073-KPC-3, but not CFT073-OXA-48. In vivo, for the three strains, bacterial counts were lower in peritoneal fluid with the combination compared with fosfomycin alone (P < 0.001) and inhibited growth of resistant mutants in all cases. Conclusions - The combination of fosfomycin and temocillin demonstrated a benefit in vitro and in vivo against E. coli strains producing KPC-3 or OXA-48-type carbapenemases. This combination prevented the emergence of fosfomycin resistance and proved to be more bactericidal than fosfomycin alone.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 27, 2018 - 2:54:41 PM
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M Berleur, F Guérin, L Massias, F Chau, J Poujade, et al.. Activity of fosfomycin alone or combined with temocillin in vitro and in a murine model of peritonitis due to KPC-3- or OXA-48-producing Escherichia coli. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018, 73 (11), pp.3074-3080. ⟨10.1093/jac/dky283⟩. ⟨hal-01862605⟩

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