Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Occupational factors associated with major depressive disorder A Brazilian population-based study

Abstract : Background - There have been very few studies exploring the occupational risk factors for major depressive disorder (MDD) in the working populations in Latin America. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between a large set of occupational factors and MDD in the Brazilian working population. Methods - The study was based on the cross-sectional data from the Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013. 60,202 people were interviewed (response rate: 91.9%). Among them, 36,442 were working, 19,450 men and 16,992 women. MDD was measured using the diagnostic algorithm (DSM-IV criteria) of the PHQ-9. Occupational factors included job characteristics, working time factors, psychosocial work stressors and physico-chemical exposures. Logistic regression models were performed and adjusted for sociodemographic factors. All analyses were conducted using weighted and stratified data by gender. Results - The following occupational factors were associated with a higher risk of MDD: working part time (≤20 h a week) and stress at work for both genders, workplace violence, intense physical activity, exposure to noise and chemicals among women, and prolonged exposure to sun among men. Associations of stress and violence at work with MDD were particularly strong. Limitations - Cross-sectional study design, healthy worker effect and reporting bias may have impacted the results. Conclusions - This study, one of the first studies among the Brazilian working population, showed that psychosocial work stressors were the strongest risk factors for MDD. Physico-chemical exposures deserve more attention in association with MDD. Prevention policies oriented toward the work environment may help to prevent depression at the workplace.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 28, 2018 - 11:42:37 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 3:56:05 PM



Nágila Soares Xavier Oenning, Patrícia Klarmann Ziegelmann, Bárbara Niegia Garcia De Goulart, Isabelle Niedhammer. Occupational factors associated with major depressive disorder A Brazilian population-based study. Journal of Affective Disorders, Elsevier, 2018, 240, pp.48-56. ⟨10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.022⟩. ⟨hal-01863272⟩



Record views