Tight junction-associated protein GEF-H1 in the neighbours of dividing epithelial cells is essential for adaptation of cell-cell membrane during cytokinesis

Abstract : Animal cells divide by a process called cytokinesis which relies on the constriction of a contractile actomyosin ring leading to the production of two daughter cells. Cytokinesis is an intrinsic property of cells which occurs even for artificially isolated cells. During division, isolated cells undergo dramatic changes in shape such as rounding and membrane deformation as the division furrow ingresses. However, cells are often embedded in tissues and thus are surrounded by neighbouring cells. How these neighbours might influence, or might themselves be influenced by, the shape changes of cytokinesis is poorly understood in vertebrates. Here, we show that during cytokinesis of epithelial cells in the Xenopus embryo, lateral cell-cell contacts remain almost perpendicular to the epithelial plane. Depletion of the tight junction-associated protein GEF-H1 leads to a transient and stereotyped deformation of cell-cell contacts. Although, this deformation occurs only during cytokinesis, we show that it originates from immediate neighbours of the dividing cell. Moreover, we show that exocyst and recycling endosome regulation by GEF-H1 are involved in adaptation of cell-cell contacts to deformation. Our results highlight the crucial role of tight junctions and GEF-H1 in cell-cell contact adaptation when cells are exposed to a mechanical stress such as cytokinesis.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 28, 2018 - 1:19:40 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 3:07:51 PM

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Guillaume Hatte, Claude Prigent, Jean-Pierre Tassan. Tight junction-associated protein GEF-H1 in the neighbours of dividing epithelial cells is essential for adaptation of cell-cell membrane during cytokinesis. Experimental Cell Research, 2018, 371 (1), pp.72-82. ⟨10.1016/j.yexcr.2018.07.042⟩. ⟨hal-01863364⟩

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