Long term exposure to environmental concentrations of diesel exhaust particles does not impact the phenotype of human bronchial epithelial cells

Abstract : Chronic exposure to diesel engine exhausts is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary diseases including lung cancer. Diesel engine exhausts contain large amounts of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) on which are adsorbed several carcinogenic compounds such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Acute toxicity of high concentrations of DEP has been largely demonstrated in various in vitro cellular models. In contrast, the cellular and molecular impacts of low environmental concentrations of DEP on the phenotype of chronically exposed lung epithelial cells remain to be investigated. In the present study, we show that long term exposure (6 months) to 2 μg/ml (0.4 μg/cm) DEP (standard reference material 1650b) increased cytochrome P4501A mRNA levels in the human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cell line. However, chronic exposure to DEP did not change cell morphology, trigger epithelial-mesenchymal transition or increase anchorage-independent cell growth. Moreover, DEP increase neither the levels of reactive oxygen species or those of γ-histone H2AX, nor the expression of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8. Our results thus demonstrate that the chronic exposure to low DEP concentrations could increase cytochrome P501A gene expression in BEAS-2B cells but did not induce molecular effects related to genotoxicity, oxidative stress or inflammation.
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Camille C Savary, Nessrine Bellamri, Claudie Morzadec, Sophie Langouët, Valérie Lecureur, et al.. Long term exposure to environmental concentrations of diesel exhaust particles does not impact the phenotype of human bronchial epithelial cells. Toxicology in Vitro, Elsevier, 2018, 52, pp.154-160. ⟨10.1016/j.tiv.2018.06.014⟩. ⟨hal-01863793v2⟩

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