Effects of bisphenol A on metabolism and evidences of a mode of action mediated through endocrine disruption

Abstract : Based on rodent studies after prenatal and/or perinatal or adult exposure, there is now evidence that BPA may increase metabolic disturbances eventually leading to type-2 diabetes development via an ED MoA. In particular, BPA has been shown to alter insulin synthesis and/or release by pancreatic β-cells, and insulin signaling within insulin-sensitive organs (i.e., liver, muscle, adipose tissues). This resulted in variations in the expression of specific hepatic or adipose tissue markers, which are indicative of a state of insulin resistance. These effects are considered by experts to be hallmarks of adverse hormonal effects, each leading to insulin resistance within the different insulin-sensitive tissues. Although epidemiological studies are inconclusive, these effects are considered relevant for humans, because similarities exist in homeostatic regulation of insulin production and sensitivity between rodents and humans and because evidence was also shown through in vitro experimental data using human cells or tissues.
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Brigitte Le Magueresse-Battistoni, Luc Multigner, Claire Beausoleil, Christophe Rousselle. Effects of bisphenol A on metabolism and evidences of a mode of action mediated through endocrine disruption. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Elsevier, 2018, 475, pp.74-91. ⟨10.1016/j.mce.2018.02.009⟩. ⟨hal-01864337⟩

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