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Oral Bacterial Infection and Shedding in Drosophila melanogaster

Abstract : The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the best developed model systems of infection and innate immunity. While most work has focused on systemic infections, there has been a recent increase of interest in the mechanisms of gut immunocompetence to pathogens, which require methods to orally infect flies. Here we present a protocol to orally expose individual flies to an opportunistic bacterial pathogen (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and a natural bacterial pathogen of D. melanogaster (Pseudomonas entomophila). The goal of this protocol is to provide a robust method to expose male and female flies to these pathogens. We provide representative results showing survival phenotypes, microbe loads, and bacterial shedding, which is relevant for the study of heterogeneity in pathogen transmission. Finally, we confirm that Dcy mutants (lacking the protective peritrophic matrix in the gut epithelium) and Relish mutants (lacking a functional immune deficiency (IMD) pathway), show increased susceptibility to bacterial oral infection. This protocol, therefore, describes a robust method to infect flies using the oral route of infection, which can be extended to the study of a variety genetic and environmental sources of variation in gut infection outcomes and bacterial transmission.
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Contributor : Xavier Chard-Hutchinson Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 7, 2018 - 12:09:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 4:27:06 AM

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Jonathon A Siva-Jothy, Arun Prakash, Radhakrishnan B Vasanthakrishnan, Katy M Monteith, Pedro F Vale. Oral Bacterial Infection and Shedding in Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, JoVE, 2018, ⟨10.3791/57676⟩. ⟨hal-01870259⟩



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