Partial replacement in CISe solar cells of the molybdenum layer by an epitaxial Titanium Nitride thin film deposited onto MgO substrate

Abstract : Currently, Molybdenum represents the best rear contact used in thin film Solar Cells, based on chalcopyrites Cu(In, Ga)(S, Se)(2) or CZTS for instance. However, its high price increases the solar cell cost and comes against the generalization of the photovoltaic energy. In order to overcome this fact, it is proposed in this work to replace partially Molybdenum by Titanium Nitride (TiN) in CuInSe2 Solar Cells. The TiN layers were deposited by radiofrequency magnetron sputtering with substrate temperature fixed at 25 degrees C, 500 degrees C or 700 degrees C, for two RF powers (150W, 200W). It is found that the sample deposited at 700 degrees C shows the optimal stoichiometry (Ti/N = 0.95), with a good crystallinity, a texturation along the (h00) planes and an epitaxial growth confirmed by phi-scans. The introduction of TiN in the rear contact requires the deposition of a thin Titanium layer as a buffer layer to improve the adherence of the TiN film. After analyzing the TiN/Ti/MgOstructure, it is found that the Ti intermediate layer doesn't affect the TiN crystalline orientation, the stoichiometry remains close to 1 (Ti/N = 0.94) in addition with a homogenous morphological surface.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01879713
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Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2018 - 11:18:33 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 20, 2019 - 9:58:07 AM

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Bachir Eddine Messaid, Claire Le Paven, Razika Zair Talaighil, Florent Marlec, Ratiba Benzerga, et al.. Partial replacement in CISe solar cells of the molybdenum layer by an epitaxial Titanium Nitride thin film deposited onto MgO substrate. Materials Research Express, IOP Publishing Ltd, 2018, 5 (10), pp.106408. ⟨10.1088/2053-1591/aadaf5⟩. ⟨hal-01879713⟩

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