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A systematic literature review on solitary rectal ulcer syndrome is there a therapeutic consensus in 2018?

Abstract : Purpose - To screen all treatments tested for solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) without rectal prolapse and to assess their efficacy. Method - A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines, focusing on the treatment of SRUS without rectal prolapse. The types of treatment and their efficacy were collected and critically assessed. Results - A selection of 20 studies among the 470 publications focusing on SRUS provided suitable data for a total of 516 patients. Only 2 studies were randomised prospective trials that focused on argon plasma treatment. The mean follow-up was 21.8 months and ranged from 0.25 to 90 months. Most of the studies focused on surgery, including rectopexy, stapled transanal rectal resection, excision of the ulcer, the Delorme procedure, proctectomy, low anterior resection, and ostomy. Populations of the studies were heterogeneous and selected outcomes were specific (failure of medical or surgical treatment). Conservative treatment (high-fibre diet, laxatives, change of defecatory habits, and biofeedback treatment) induced a symptomatic improvement in 71/91 patients (63.6%) and healing of mucosal lesion in 17/51 patients (33.3%). Surgeries (all types) improved SRUS in 77% (54-100%) of patients. Argon plasma coagulation is a promising technique but longer follow-up is necessary. Conclusions - The general quality of the studies focusing on the treatment of SRUS was poor due to the heterogeneity of the population, the sample size of the cohorts, and the heterogeneity of efficacy assessments. The therapeutic approach appears to be multimodal and multidisciplinary and validated in centres of expertise. Further studies evaluating multimodal strategies are needed.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2018 - 2:44:45 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 24, 2020 - 2:29:51 PM

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Claire Gouriou, Marion Chambaz, Alain Ropert, Guillaume Bouguen, Véronique Desfourneaux, et al.. A systematic literature review on solitary rectal ulcer syndrome is there a therapeutic consensus in 2018?. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, Springer Verlag, 2018, 33 (12), pp.1647-1655. ⟨10.1007/s00384-018-3162-z⟩. ⟨hal-01880072⟩

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