Filterability of exopolysaccharides solutions from the red microalga Porphyridium cruentum by tangential filtration on a polymeric membrane

Abstract : The red microalga Porphyridium cruentum is exploited industrially for its exopolysaccharides (EPS) and pigments production. EPS produced by P. cruentum are partially released and dissolved into the surrounding environment, they can be recovered from the culture medium after removing the cells. This paper presents a parametric study of the ultrafiltration of EPS solutions on organic membrane. The EPS solutions were produced in conditions representative of an industrial production. They were filtered at lab-scale on a flat, PES 50 kDa MWCO membrane in a complete recirculation mode of permeate and retentate. Permeate flux-transmembrane pressure (TMP) curves were established up to the limiting flux for the filtration of solutions with various values of concentration in EPS (0.10 to 1.06 kg GlcEq.m), fluid tangential velocity (0.3 to 1.2 m.s) and temperature (20 and 40 °C). The reversible and irreversible parts of fouling were evaluated for each experiment and the critical flux was determined for an intermediate EPS concentration (0.16 kg GlcEq.m). The results showed that EPS solutions had a strong fouling capacity. When filtering the lowest concentrated solution (0.10 kg GlcEq.m) with moderate fouling conditions, the overall fouling resistance was approximately half of the membrane and the share of irreversible/reversible fouling was 88 and 12%. However, the part of reversible fouling becomes predominant when approaching the limiting flux. Permeate fluxes which were obtained allow to estimate that a VRR of approximately 10 could be obtained when concentrating EPS solutions using PES membranes in flat or tubular modules but not in spiral-wound.
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Lisa Zaouk, Anthony Masse, Patrick Bourseau, Samir Taha, Murielle Rabiller-Baudry, et al.. Filterability of exopolysaccharides solutions from the red microalga Porphyridium cruentum by tangential filtration on a polymeric membrane. Environmental Technology, Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles, In press, ⟨10.1080/09593330.2018.1523234⟩. ⟨hal-01880126⟩

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