Model-based analysis of the autonomic response to head-up tilt testing in Brugada syndrome

Abstract : The etiology of Brugada syndrome (BS) is complex and multifactorial, making risk stratification in this population a major challenge. Since changes in the autonomic modulation of these patients are commonly related to arrhythmic events, we analyze in this work whether the response to head-up tilt (HUT) testing on this population may provide useful, complementary information for risk stratification. In order to perform this analysis, a coupled physiological model integrating the cardiac electrical activity, the cardiovascular system and the baroreceptors reflex control of the autonomic function, in response to HUT is proposed. A sensitivity analysis was performed, based on a screening method, evidencing the influence of cardiovascular parameters on blood pressure and of baroreflex regulation on heart rate. The most sensitive parameters have been identified on a set of 20 subjects (8 controls and 12 BS patients), so as to assess subject-specific model parameters. According to the results, controls showed an increased sympathetic modulation after tilting, as well as a reduced left ventricular contractility was observed in symptomatic, with respect to asymptomatic BS patients. These results provide new insights regarding the autonomic mechanisms regulating the cardiovascular system in BS which might be used as a complementary source of information, along with classical electrophysiological parameters, for BS risk stratification.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 23, 2018 - 4:21:18 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 6, 2019 - 9:14:05 AM

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Mireia Calvo, Virginie Le Rolle, Daniel Romero, Nathalie Behar, Pedro Gomis, et al.. Model-based analysis of the autonomic response to head-up tilt testing in Brugada syndrome. Computers in Biology and Medicine, Elsevier, 2018, 103, pp.82-92. ⟨10.1016/j.compbiomed.2018.10.007⟩. ⟨hal-01902636⟩

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