Passive compressive device in an MIMO configuration at millimeter waves

Abstract : A passive compressive device (PCD), which works at millimeter waves, is proposed in this paper. In a passive manner, the device allows to compress the signals from multiple separate channels into a single or a reduced number of channels. This permits a simplification of the transmitter or receiver chains for radar imaging applications. The PCD is a 3-D cavity that ensures each channel to be decorrelated with each other. If the transfer functions are known, the compressed signals are decompressed in postprocessing. This paper proposes a suitable method to estimate simultaneously the transfer functions of the PCD. This is validated by measurements in a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) configuration to produce a complex synthetic aperture radar image. Measurements revealed that the point spread function generated by the MIMO configuration with the use of the PCD leads to almost similar results, in terms of spatial resolution and sidelobe level ratio, as those of a single-input-multiple-output configuration (uniform amplitude), with a fewer receiving elements.
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Antoine Jouadé, Olivier Lafond, Laurent Ferro-Famil, Mohamed Himdi, Stéphane Méric. Passive compressive device in an MIMO configuration at millimeter waves. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 66 (10), pp.5558-5568. ⟨10.1109/TAP.2018.2862365⟩. ⟨hal-01904634⟩

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