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Characterization of GDP-mannose Dehydrogenase from the Brown Alga Ectocarpus siliculosus Providing the Precursor for the Alginate Polymer

Abstract : Alginate is a major cell wall polymer of brown algae. The precursor for the polymer is GDP-mannuronic acid, which is believed to be derived from a four-electron oxidation of GDP-mannose through the enzyme GDP-mannose dehydrogenase (GMD). So far no eukaryotic GMD has been biochemically characterized. We have identified a candidate gene in the Ectocarpus siliculosus genome and expressed it as a recombinant protein in Escherichia coli. The GMD from Ectocarpus differs strongly from related enzymes in bacteria and is as distant to the bacterial proteins as it is to the group of UDP-glucose dehydroge-nases. It lacks the C-terminal 120 amino acid domain present in bacterial GMDs, which is believed to be involved in catalysis. The GMD from brown algae is highly active at alkaline pH and contains a catalytic Cys residue, sensitive to heavy metals. The product GDP-mannuronic acid was analyzed by HPLC and mass spectroscopy. The K m for GDP-mannose was 95 M, and 86 M for NAD. No substrate other than GDP-mannose was oxidized by the enzyme. In gel filtration experiments the enzyme behaved as a dimer. The Ectocarpus GMD is stimulated by salts even at low molar concentrations as a possible adaptation to marine life. It is rapidly inactivated at temperatures above 30 °C.
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Contributor : J. Mark Cock <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 16, 2018 - 6:17:28 PM
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Raimund Tenhaken, Elena Voglas, J. Mark Cock, Volker Neu, Christian Huber. Characterization of GDP-mannose Dehydrogenase from the Brown Alga Ectocarpus siliculosus Providing the Precursor for the Alginate Polymer. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2011, 286 (19), pp.16707 - 16715. ⟨10.1074/jbc.m111.230979⟩. ⟨hal-01925539⟩

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