Increase interval training intensity improves plasma volume variations and aerobic performances in response to intermittent exercise

Abstract : Purpose:We studied the effect of two interval training programs of varying intensities (100% vs. 110% of maximal aerobic velocity [MAV]) on hematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin (Hb), and plasma volume variations (PVV) in young men.Methods: Thirty-nine male volunteered were assigned to two control groups (CG100, n = 9 and CG110, n = 10), and two training groups (one with 100% MAV [EG100, n = 10] and one with 110% MAV [EG110, n = 10]). All participants performed a maximal graded exercise test and an intermittent exercise (IE) protocol. Blood was collected at rest, at the end of the IE and after 15 min of recovery, before and after 8-weeks-training. Interval training (IT) sessions consist of 30s IE run at 100% or 110% MAV with 30s recovery at 50% MAV.Results: After training, time to exhaustion (TTE) was improved in EG110 (+613.7) and EG100 (+397.5). This improvement was greater in EG110 than EG100 (p < 0.005). After training, Hb deceased in EG100 and EG110 at rest (p < 0.01), at the end of IE (p = 0.000) and after 15 min of recovery (p = 0.01). This decrease was more slightly more substantial at rest in EG100 (−0.6%) than EG110 (−0.3%). After training, Ht decreased in EG100 and EG110 at rest (p = 0.001), at the end of IE (p = 0.000) and at 15 min of recovery (p = 0.01). This decrease was more important in EG110 than EG100 at rest (−2.7%), at the end of IE (−2.1%) and after 15 min recovery. After training, PVVrest and PVVend increased in EG100 (+2.2%) and EG110 (+3.2%). No significant difference between EG100 and EG110 was observed.Conclusion:Increasing IT intensity by 10% MAV increases PVVrest and PVVend. Despite the fact that EG100 and EG110 had the same PVVend after training, greater performances were recorded in EG110.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 26, 2018 - 9:34:51 AM
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Fatma Rhibi, Jacques Prioux, Mossadok Ben Attia, Anthony Hackney, Hassane Zouhal, et al.. Increase interval training intensity improves plasma volume variations and aerobic performances in response to intermittent exercise. Physiology and Behavior, Elsevier, 2019, 199, pp.137 - 145. ⟨10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.11.020⟩. ⟨hal-01934582⟩

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