Genome-Wide Transcriptional and Functional Analysis of Human T Lymphocytes Treated with Benzo[α]pyrene

Abstract : Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely distributed environmental contaminants, known to affect T lymphocytes. However, the molecular targets and pathways involved in their immunotoxic effects in human T lymphocytes remain unknown. Here, we analyzed the gene expression profile of primary human T lymphocytes treated with the prototypical PAH, benzo[α]pyrene (B[α]P), using a microarray-based transcriptome analysis. After a 48 h exposure to B[α]P, we identified 158 genes differentially expressed in T lymphocytes, including not only genes well-known to be affected by PAHs such as the cytochromes P450 (CYP) 1A1 and 1B1, but also others not previously shown to be targeted by B[α]P such as genes encoding the gap junction beta (GJB)-2 and 6 proteins. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that these candidates were significantly associated with the aryl hydrocarbon (AhR) and interferon (IFN) signaling pathways; a marked alteration in T lymphocyte recruitment was also observed. Using functional tests in transwell migration experiments, B[α]P was then shown to significantly decrease the chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12-induced chemotaxis and transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes. In total, this study opens the way to unsuspected responsive pathway of interest, i.e., T lymphocyte migration, thus providing a more thorough understanding of the molecular basis of the immunotoxicity of PAHs.
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Marie Liamin, Hélène Le Mentec, Bertrand Evrard, Laurence Huc, Frédéric Chalmel, et al.. Genome-Wide Transcriptional and Functional Analysis of Human T Lymphocytes Treated with Benzo[α]pyrene. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2018, 19 (11), pp.E3626. ⟨10.3390/ijms19113626⟩. ⟨hal-01940253⟩

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