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L’industrie osseuse solutréenne de la Grotte Rochefort (Saint-Pierre-sur-Erve, Mayenne, France)

Abstract : Recently discovered Solutrean sites has provided little data about bone working. Solutrean bone industry is mainly known through old archaeological collections from the first half of the XXth century or out of context and very incomplete. Resumed of ancient excavations, such as in the cave of Rochefort, far from bringing redundant information, opens new research perspectives. Beside projectile points, awls, « bâtons percés » and other typological objects known since a long time, are henceforth added tools which are identified by discreet features resulting from their manufacture and use. The identification of these « unshaped tools » is the consequence of methodological changes and first of all of the increasing of use-wear studies and of a more systematic use of the experimental approach. Thus, in the cave of Rochefort, implement devoted to lithic knapping complete the Solutrean tools kit while about fifty waste from reindeer antler working confirm blank production by splitting. These artefacts help to understand the specificity of Solutrean bone technology. They enlighten the activities done on the site and the peculiarities of a northern Solutrean still insufficiently documented. In the present state of research, they also illustrate the interest to excavate again sites which still have an informative potential.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 17, 2021 - 2:12:41 PM
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Malvina Baumann, Stéphan Hinguant. L’industrie osseuse solutréenne de la Grotte Rochefort (Saint-Pierre-sur-Erve, Mayenne, France). PALEO : Revue d'Archéologie Préhistorique, Société des amis du Musée national de préhistoire et de la recherche archéologique — SAMRA, 2016, pp.43-63. ⟨10.4000/paleo.3053⟩. ⟨hal-01940455⟩



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