Reconstruction of post-synaptic potentials by reverse modeling of local field potentials

Abstract : Objective - Among electrophysiological signals, local field potentials (LFPs) are extensively used to study brain activity, either in vivo or in vitro. LFPs are recorded with extracellular electrodes implanted in brain tissue. They reflect intermingled excitatory and inhibitory processes in neuronal assemblies. In cortical structures, LFPs mainly originate from the summation of post-synaptic potentials (PSPs), either excitatory (ePSPs) or inhibitory (iPSPs) generated at the level of pyramidal cells. The challenging issue, addressed in this paper, is to estimate, from a single extracellularly-recorded signal, both ePSP and iPSP components of the LFP. Approach - The proposed method is based on a model-based reverse engineering approach in which the measured LFP is fed into a physiologically-grounded neural mass model (mesoscopic level) to estimate the synaptic activity of a sub-population of pyramidal cells interacting with local GABAergic interneurons. Main results - The method was first validated using simulated LFPs for which excitatory and inhibitory components are known a priori and can thus serve as a ground truth. It was then evaluated on in vivo data (PTZ-induced seizures, rat; PTZ-induced excitability increase, mouse; epileptiform discharges, mouse) and on in clinico data (human seizures recorded with depth-EEG electrodes). Significance - Under these various conditions, results showed that the proposed reverse engineering method provides a reliable estimation of the average excitatory and inhibitory post-synaptic potentials originating of the measured LFPs. They also indicated that the method allows for monitoring of the excitation/inhibition ratio. The method has potential for multiple applications in neuroscience, typically when a dynamical tracking of local excitability changes is required.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 10:39:44 AM
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Maxime Yochum, Julien Modolo, David Mogul, Pascal Benquet, Fabrice Wendling. Reconstruction of post-synaptic potentials by reverse modeling of local field potentials. Journal of Neural Engineering, IOP Publishing, 2019, 16 (2), pp.026023. ⟨10.1088/1741-2552/aafbfb⟩. ⟨hal-01998536⟩

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