Charge localization in one-dimensional tetramerized organic conductors: the special case of (tTTF)2ClO4

Abstract : We report a detailed structural and spectroscopic study of the 1D 2:1 cation radical salt (tTTF)ClO, where tTTF  =  trimethylenetetrathiafulvalene, which exhibits a semiconductor-semiconductor phase transition at ca. T  =  137 K. Crystal structures are determined above and below the transition; the tTTF molecules in stacks are grouped into weakly interacting tetramers. The reorganization of tTTF stacks is accompanied with an order-disorder transition in anion sublattice. Polarized infrared and Raman spectra of (tTTF)ClO are measured in the broad frequency range as a function of the temperature (10-293 K). The structural and vibrational features are investigated to elucidate the origin of the semiconductor-semiconductor phase transition. We discuss the electron-intramolecular vibration coupling effects in the vibrational spectra of (tTTF)ClO and identify signatures of high- and low-temperature states of charge localization in the tetramerized system. Both the C=C and C-S stretching modes of tTTF give evidence of strong charge distribution fluctuations in conducting stacks for T  >  137 K, which are responsible for the appearance of molecules with charge  +1e, and charge localization in tTTF tetramers for T  <  137 K. The uniqueness of the salt (tTTF)ClO in comparison with other tetramerized 1D systems is discussed.
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Arkadiusz Frąckowiak, Roman Świetlik, Olivier Jeannin, Marc Fourmigué, Weiwu Li, et al.. Charge localization in one-dimensional tetramerized organic conductors: the special case of (tTTF)2ClO4 . Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, IOP Publishing, 2019, 31 (15), pp.155601. ⟨10.1088/1361-648X/ab00b5⟩. ⟨hal-02015713⟩

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