La mécanobiologie osseuse, un domaine émergeant : revue de littérature

Abstract : Introduction - Mechanobiology, at the interface between biology and biophysics, studies the impact of mechanical forces on tissues, cells and biomolecules. The application of orthodontic forces, followed by induced tooth displacement, is a striking example of its clinical application. Objective - The purpose of this article was to compile a review of the literature on the subject of mechanobiology; from its detection at bone level to the presentation of stimulated intracellular pathways. Materials and methods - The literature search was conducted on the Pubmed database in April 2018, with associations of the terms "mechanobiology", "orthodontics", "cell culture", "physiopathology". Results - Three major areas of research were selected: highlighting of the phenomenon and its application in the field of bone biology; the cellular effectors of mechanobiology and its clinical applications. The use of mechanobiology in dentofacial orthopedics opens up a new field of reflection for clinicians regarding future advances in orthodontics.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 14, 2019 - 3:37:04 PM
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Damien Brezulier, Pascal Pellen-Mussi, Olivier Sorel, Sylvie Jeanne. La mécanobiologie osseuse, un domaine émergeant : revue de littérature. Orthodontie Française, EDP Sciences / SFODF, 2018, 89 (4), pp.343-353. ⟨10.1051/orthodfr/2018034⟩. ⟨hal-02019481⟩



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