Tumor mutational burden and response to PD-1 inhibitors in a case series of patients with metastatic desmoplastic melanoma

Abstract : Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) represents an infrequently occurring and distinct histologic pattern of melanomas, often lacking mutations in genes typically altered in conventional melanomas including BRAF, NRAS, and KIT. We aimed at better characterizing the genetic profile of this subgroup of melanomas to match patients with available therapies. Pathology reports were reviewed for 1,240 consecutive melanoma cases sequenced by comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) using a hybrid-capture based next generation sequencing during the course of clinical care. The mutational profile of the 12 DM identified was compared with the remaining 1,228 melanomas examined. We report a median tumor mutational burden (TMB) of 77 mutations per megabase (mut/Mb) in DM, which was significantly greater than a median of 35 mut/Mb in non-DM. A UV DNA damage signature was detected in 10/12 (83%) DM. For a subset of patients with available clinical course, we report that 100% (5/5) had clinical benefit from treatment with PD-1 inhibitors as monotherapy. TMB and UV signature show significant promise as an approach to identify patients who are likely to benefit from PD-1 targeted immunotherapy.
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Lise Boussemart, Adrienne Johnson, Alexa B Schrock, Sumanta K Pal, Garrett M Frampton, et al.. Tumor mutational burden and response to PD-1 inhibitors in a case series of patients with metastatic desmoplastic melanoma. Journal of The American Academy of Dermatology, Elsevier, 2018, 80 (6), pp.1780-1782. ⟨10.1016/j.jaad.2018.12.020⟩. ⟨hal-02020674⟩

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