Dynamic reshaping of functional brain networks during visual object recognition

Abstract : Objective. Emerging evidence shows that the modular organization of the human brain allows for better and efficient cognitive performance. Many of these cognitive functions are very fast and occur in a sub-second time scale such as the visual object recognition. Approach. Here, we investigate brain network modularity while controlling stimuli meaningfulness and measuring a participant's reaction time. We particularly raised two questions i) does the dynamic brain network modularity change during the recognition of meaningful and meaningless visual images? And (ii) is there a correlation between network modularity and the reaction time of the participants? To tackle these issues, we collected dense-electroencephalography (EEG, 256 channels) data from 20 healthy human subjects performing a cognitive task consisting of naming meaningful (tools, animals.) and meaningless (scrambled) images. Functional brain networks in both categories were estimated at the sub-second time scale using the EEG source connectivity method. By using multislice modularity algorithms, we tracked the reconfiguration of functional networks during the recognition of both meaningful and meaningless images. Main results. Results showed a difference in the module's characteristics of both conditions in term of integration (interactions between modules) and occurrence (probability on average of any two brain regions to fall in the same module during the task). Integration and occurrence were greater for meaningless than for meaningful images. Our findings revealed also that the occurrence within the right frontal regions and the left occipito-temporal can help to predict the ability of the brain to rapidly recognize and name visual stimuli. Significance. We speculate that these observations are applicable not only to other fast cognitive functions but also to detect fast disconnections that can occur in some brain disorders.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02082298
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 28, 2019 - 10:49:04 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 21, 2019 - 11:26:24 AM

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J. Rizkallah, P. Benquet, A. Kabbara, O. Dufor, F. Wendling, et al.. Dynamic reshaping of functional brain networks during visual object recognition. Journal of Neural Engineering, IOP Publishing, 2018, 15 (5), ⟨10.1088/1741-2552/aad7b1⟩. ⟨hal-02082298⟩

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