Experimental analysis of water-based nanofluids using boron nitride nanotubes with improved thermal properties

Abstract : Nowadays, the use of nanofluids as alternative to commonly-used industrial heat transfer fluids is a topic of increasing interest. Analysing the improved efficiency of heat transfer processes according to advanced nanomaterials and obtaining stable nanofluids is one of the most interesting challenges. This paper presents a study of nanofluids based on boron nitride nanotubes and using an aqueous solution of Triton X-100 (which acts as a surfactant) as the base fluid. UV-vis spectroscopy, particle size measurements (size between 150 and 170 nm) and potential (at about 25 mV) showed that stable nanofluids were obtained. Surface tension measurements were also performed. The surface tension of water was weakly affected by the presence of any amount of nanoparticles and was mainly governed by the presence of surfactant. The rheological properties of the fluids were also analysed, as were their isobaric specific heat and thermal conductivity values. A Newtonian behaviour was observed for the base fluid and the nanofluids, with no significant increase in viscosity. The isobaric specific heat increased by 8% and thermal conductivity by 10% compared with the base fluid. Thus, the results obtained are interesting because while thermal properties improved with nanoparticle content, rheological behaviour did not change. Consequently, the nanofluids studied in the current paper do not raise the pressure drop and pumping power significantly and may therefore be a good option for thermal system applications.
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Roberto Gomez-Villarejo, Teresa Aguilar, Samah Hamze, Patrice Estellé, Javier Navas. Experimental analysis of water-based nanofluids using boron nitride nanotubes with improved thermal properties. Journal of Molecular Liquids, Elsevier, 2019, 277, pp.93-103. ⟨10.1016/j.molliq.2018.12.093⟩. ⟨hal-02086544⟩

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