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Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids (MAAs) in Time-Series of Lichen Specimens from Natural History Collections

Abstract : Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) were quantified in fresh and preserved material of the chlorolichen Dermatocarpon luridum var. luridum (Verrucariaceae/Ascomycota). The analyzed samples represented a time-series of over 150 years. An HPLC coupled with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) mode method was developed and validated for the quantitative determination of MAAs. We found evidence for substance specific differences in the quality of preservation of two MAAs (mycosporine glutamicol, mycosporine glutaminol) in Natural History Collections. We found no change in average mycosporine glutamicol concentrations over time. Mycosporine glutaminol concentrations instead decreased rapidly with no trace of this substance detectable in collections older than nine years. Our data predict that a screening for MAAs in organism samples from Natural History Collections can deliver results that are comparable to those obtained from fresh collections only for some MAAs (e.g., mycosporine glutamicol). For other MAAs, misleading, biased, or even false negative results will occur as a result of the storage sensitivity of substances such as mycosporine glutaminol. Our study demonstrates the value of pilot studies with time-series based on model taxa with a rich representation in the Natural History Collections
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Marylene Chollet-Krugler, Thi Thu Tram Nguyen, Aurélie Sauvager, Holger Thüs, Joël Boustie. Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids (MAAs) in Time-Series of Lichen Specimens from Natural History Collections. Molecules, MDPI, 2019, 24 (6), pp.1070. ⟨10.3390/molecules24061070⟩. ⟨hal-02087812⟩

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