Autonomic maturation from birth to 2 years normative values

Abstract : Background While heart rate variability (HRV) constitutes a relevant non-invasive tool to assess the autonomic nervous system (ANS) function with recognized diagnostic or therapeutic implications, there is still a lack of established data on maturation of autonomic control of heart rate during the first months of life. The Autonomic Baby Evaluation (AuBE) cohort was built to establish, the normal autonomic maturation profile from birth up to 2 years, in a healthy population of full-term newborns. Methods Heart rate variability analysis was carried out in 271 full-term newborns (mean gestational age 39 wGA + 5 days) from reliable polysomnographic recordings at 0 (n = 270) and 6 (n = 221) months and from a 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram (ECG) at 12 (n = 210), 18 (n = 197), and 24 (n = 190) months. Indices of HRV analysis were calculated through the ANSLabTools software. Results Indices are dissociated according a temporal, geometrical, frequency, Poincaré empirical mode decomposition, fractal, Chaos and DC/AC and entropy analysis. Each index is presented for five different periods of time, 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months and with smoothed values in the 3rd, 10th, 50th, 90th and 97th percentiles. Data are also presented for the full cohort and individualized by sex to account for gender variability. Discussion and conclusion The physiological autonomic maturation profile from birth to 2 years in a healthy population of term neonates results in a fine-tuning autonomic maturation underlying progressively a new equilibrium and privileging the parasympathetic activity over the sympathetic activity. © 2019 The Authors
Keywords : Neuroscience
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Hugues Patural, Vincent Pichot, Sophie Flori, Antoine Giraud, Patricia Franco, et al.. Autonomic maturation from birth to 2 years normative values. Heliyon, Elsevier 2019, 5 (3), pp.e01300. ⟨10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01300⟩. ⟨hal-02088218⟩

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