Induction of multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 expression by diesel exhaust particle extract in human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells

Abstract : Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) are common environmental air pollutants known to impair expression and activity of drug detoxifying proteins, including hepatic ATP-binding cassette (ABC) drug transporters. The present study was designed to determine whether organic DEP extract (DEPe) may also target ABC drug transporters in bronchial cells. DEPe (10 μg/mL) was demonstrated to induce mRNA and protein expression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) 3 in cultured bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells, whereas mRNA levels of other MRPs, multidrug resistance gene 1 or breast cancer resistance protein were unchanged, reduced or not detected. DEPe also increased MRP3 mRNA expression in normal human bronchial epithelial cells. Inhibition of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway by AhR antagonist or AhR silencing, as well as the silencing of nuclear-factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) repressed DEPe-mediated MRP3 induction. This underlines the implication of the AhR and Nrf2 signaling cascades in DEPe-mediated MRP3 regulation. DEPe was additionally demonstrated to directly inhibit MRP activity in BEAS-2B cells, in a concentration-dependent manner. Taken together, these data indicate that DEPs may impair expression and activity of MRPs, notably MRP3, in human bronchial cells, which may have consequences in terms of lung barrier and toxicity for humans exposed to diesel pollution.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 11, 2019 - 2:19:45 PM
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Marc Le Vée, Astrid Bacle, Elodie Jouan, Valérie Lecureur, Sophie Potin, et al.. Induction of multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 expression by diesel exhaust particle extract in human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells. Toxicology in Vitro, Elsevier, 2019, 58, pp.60-68. ⟨10.1016/j.tiv.2019.03.021⟩. ⟨hal-02091216⟩

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