Myocardial constructive work and cardiac mortality in resynchronization therapy candidates

Abstract : Background - Recent studies have shown that myocardial constructive work (CW) assessed by pressure-strain loops (PSLs) is an independent predictor of a volumetric response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of CW in predicting the cardiac outcome of heart failure patients undergoing CRT. Methods - This is a retrospective study including 166 CRT candidates (ejection fraction [EF] ≤35%, QRS duration ≥120 milliseconds). Two-dimensional standard echocardiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed before CRT and at 6-month follow-up. PSLs were used to assess myocardial CW. Results - After a median follow-up of 4 years (range 1.3-5 years), cardiac death occurred in 14 patients (8%). A multivariable Cox regression analysis including age, coronary artery disease, and septal flash showed that CW≤888 mm Hg% was the only independent predictor of cardiac mortality (hazard ratio 4.23, 95% CI 1.08-16.5, P = .03). After 6 months of CRT, a 15% reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume was observed in 118 (71%) patients, and a CRT volumetric response was identified. Among CRT responders, the concomitant presence of CW ≤888 mm Hg% identified a subgroup of patients at high risk of cardiac death (P = .04 in the log-rank test). The addition of CW ≤888 mm Hg% to a model including age, coronary artery disease, septal flash, and CRT response caused a significant increase in model power for the prediction of cardiac death (χ: 12.6 vs 25.7, P = .02). Conclusions - The estimation of left ventricular CW by PSLs is a relatively novel tool that allows for the prediction of cardiac outcome in CRT candidates.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 8, 2019 - 12:23:14 PM
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Elena Galli, Arnaud Hubert, Virginie Le Rolle, Alfredo Hernandez, Otto A Smiseth, et al.. Myocardial constructive work and cardiac mortality in resynchronization therapy candidates. American Heart Journal, Elsevier, 2019, 212, pp.53-63. ⟨10.1016/j.ahj.2019.02.008⟩. ⟨hal-02119239⟩

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