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The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe

Emily Martin 1 Matteo Dainese Yann Clough 2 András Báldi Riccardo Bommarco 3 Vesna Gagic Michael P.D. Garratt Andrea Holzschuh David Kleijn Anikó Kovács‐hostyánszki Lorenzo Marini Simon Potts 4 Henrik Smith Diab Al Hassan 5 Matthias Albrecht Georg K.S. Andersson Josep Asís Stéphanie Aviron 6 Mario Balzan Laura Baños‐picón Ignasi Bartomeus Péter Batary Françoise Burel 5 Berta Caballero‐lópez Elena Concepción Valérie Coudrain 7 Juliana Dänhardt Mario Díaz Tim Diekötter Carsten Dormann Remi Duflot 8 Martin Martin Nina Farwig Christina Fischer Thomas Frank 9 Lucas Garibaldi John Hermann Félix Herzog Diego Inclán Katja Jacot Frank Frank Philippe Jeanneret Marina Kaiser Jochen Krauss Violette Le Feon 10 Jon Marshall Anna‐camilla Moonen Gerardo Moreno Verena Riedinger Maj Rundlöf Adrien Rusch 11 Jeroen Scheper Gudrun Schneider Christof Schüepp Sonja Stutz Louis Sutter Giovanni Tamburini Carsten Thies José Tormos Teja Tscharntke 12 Matthias Tschumi Deniz Uzman Christian Wagner Muhammad Zubair‐anjum Ingolf Steffan‐dewenter
Abstract : Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity and ecosystem services is a key aim of a sustainable agriculture. However, how the spatial arrangement of crop fields and other habitats in landscapes impacts arthropods and their functions is poorly known. Synthesising data from 49 studies (1515 landscapes) across Europe, we examined effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Configuration effects interacted with the proportions of crop and non-crop habitats, and species’ dietary, dispersal and overwintering traits led to contrasting responses to landscape variables. Overall, however, in landscapes with high edge density, 70% of pollinator and 44% of natural enemy species reached highest abundances and pollination and pest control improved 1.7- and 1.4-fold respectively. Arable-dominated landscapes with high edge densities achieved high yields. This suggests that enhancing edge density in European agroecosystems can promote functional biodiversity and yield-enhancing ecosystem services.
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Emily Martin, Matteo Dainese, Yann Clough, András Báldi, Riccardo Bommarco, et al.. The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe. Ecology Letters, Wiley, 2019, 22 (7), pp.1083-1094. ⟨10.1111/ele.13265⟩. ⟨hal-02120701⟩

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