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Insularité et singularité. Bilan et éléments de synthèse

Abstract : Excavated from 2003 to 2011, the site of Beg ar Loued in the southern part of Molène Island has yielded few remains of Early and Middle Neolithic. At these periods, the Molène plateau was already insularized. During the Late Neolithic, a permanent settlement is set up, it is known only through shell middens. However, the largest set of data has been obtained for the Early Bronze Age with the recognition of two dry stone houses superimposed and occupied between 2150 and 1750 cal BC. At this time, the Molène Archipelago was in a similar form as today, except the foreshores, which were much larger. The site was then a hundred meters from the shoreline. in Y. Pailler et C. Nicolas (dir.), Une maison sous les dunes : Beg ar Loued, Île Molène, Finistère. Identité et adaptation des groupes humains en mer d'Iroise entre les IIIe et IIe millénaires avant notre ère, Leiden, Sidestone Press, p. @@@-@@@ 698 UNE MAISON SOUS LES DUNES : BEG AR LOUED, ÎLE MOLÈNE, FINISTÈRE The study of the site allows a more comprehensive understanding of the way of life of this island society. They used to farm and breed livestock, supplemented by fishing on the foreshore, collecting limpets and to a lesser extent hunting migratory birds. The material culture shows that this group used local resources: clay, sea pebbles and outcrops. This picture of a self-sufficient society must be qualified. Indeed, the architecture of buildings, the ceramic forms, the lithic technology and the metalwor-king are evidence that this society was linked with what was happening on the mainland. That raises question of seafaring and the nature of the links between this island society and the continent.
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Yvan Pailler, Clément Nicolas, Loréna Audouard, Fabien Convertini, Klet Donnart, et al.. Insularité et singularité. Bilan et éléments de synthèse. Yvan Pailler; Clément Nicolas. Une maison sous les dunes : Beg Ar Loued, île Molène, Finistère. Identité et adaptation des groupes humains en mer d’Iroise entre les IIIe et IIe millénaires avant notre ère, Sidestone Press, pp.715-729, 2019, 978-9-088-90380-9. ⟨hal-02155247⟩

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