Measuring strain-induced crystallinity in rubbers from IR thermography

Abstract : The crystallinity of stretched crystallizable rubbers is classically investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD). In the present study, we propose a new method based on temperature measurement and quantitative calorimetry to determine rubber crystallinity during mechanical tests as those carried out with conventional mechanical testing machines. For that purpose, heat power density are first determined from temperature variation measurements and the heat diffusion equation. The increase in temperature due to strain-induced crystallization (SIC) is then deduced from the heat power density by subtracting the part due to elastic couplings. The heat capacity, the density and the enthalpy of fusion are finally used to calculate the crystallinity from the temperature variations due to SIC. The characterization of the stress-strain relationship is not required. Furthermore, nonentropic contributions to rubber elasticity are taken into account if any. This alternative crystallinity measurement method is a user-friendly measurement technique, which is well adapted to most of the mechanical tests. It opens numerous perspectives in terms of high speed and full crystallinity field measurements. © The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2019.
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Jean-Benoit Le Cam. Measuring strain-induced crystallinity in rubbers from IR thermography. Dulieu-Barton J.M.Quinn S.Bossuyt S.Baldi A.Balandraud X. Residual Stress, Thermomechanics & Infrared Imaging, Hybrid Techniques and Inverse Problems, Volume 7. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, Springer New York LLC, pp.57-62, 2019, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-95074-7_11⟩. ⟨hal-02161136⟩



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