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Is atopy a risk indicator of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in dairy farmers?

Abstract : Allergic mechanisms related to environmental and occupational exposure have been suggested to contribute to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).ObjectivesTo investigate the relationships between atopy markers, persistent airflow limitation (PAL) and occupational exposure in dairy farmers.Methods: Clinical and biological (total IgE and 21 allergen specific IgE) markers of atopy were assessed in 101 dairy farmers with PAL (DF-PAL), 85 non-farmers with PAL (NF-PAL) (both groups were prospectively included from a screening program performed between 2011 and 2015), and matched controls, i.e. 98 farmers without PAL (DF-controls) and 89 non-farming subjects without PAL (NF-controls). Occupational exposure in farmers was estimated using a validated questionnaire.Results: Prevalence of allergy history was significantly higher in DF-PAL and in NF-PAL than in controls. Polysensitization, and sensitization to seasonal and food allergens were more frequent in DF-PAL than in DF-controls, respectively 13.8% vs 1% (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 17.5 (2.2-134), 11.9% vs 3.1% (aOR 4.4 (1.2-7.2) and 16.8% vs 4.1% (aOR 5.2 (1.7-7.2)). The prevalence of atopy markers was similar between NF-PAL patients and NF-controls.Conclusions: PAL in farmers is associated with a high rate of markers of atopy, supporting atopy as a risk indicator.Clinical trial registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02540408).
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 11, 2019 - 4:50:42 PM
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Matthieu Veil-Picard, Thibaud Soumagne, Rechana Vongthilath, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Alicia Guillien, et al.. Is atopy a risk indicator of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in dairy farmers?. Respiratory Research, BioMed Central, 2019, 20 (1), pp.124. ⟨10.1186/s12931-019-1082-2⟩. ⟨hal-02177664⟩

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