Hybrid electrochemical and biological treatment of herbicidal ionic liquids comprising the MCPA anion

Abstract : The present study was focused on the application of an electrochemical oxidation process combined with biodegradation for the removal of novel Herbicidal Ionic Liquids (HILs) -promising protection plant products which incorporate herbicidal anions and ammonium cations. The influence of carbon chain length (n = 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18) in the dialkyldimethylammonium cations on electrochemical oxidation kinetics, degradation efficiency and biodegradation by activated sludge was investigated. It was established that the applied cation influenced the heterogeneous rate constant and diffusion coefficient of electrochemical oxidation. The oxidation efficiency ranged from 17% in case of HILs with C8 alkyl chain to approx. 60% in case of HILs comprising C14 and C16 alkyl chains after 3 h of electrochemical treatment. Subsequent biodegradation studies revealed that electrochemical oxidation improved the mineralization efficiency of the studied HILs. The mineralization efficiency of electrochemically-treated HILs ranged from 28% in case of HILs comprising the C8 alkyl chain to 57% in case of HILs with C14 and C16 alkyl chains after 28 days. In case of untreated HILs, the corresponding mineralization efficiency ranged from 0 to 8%, respectively. This confirms the feasibility of a hybrid electrochemical-biological approach for treatment of herbicidal ionic liquids based on MCPA.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 11, 2019 - 9:09:25 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 26, 2019 - 4:58:04 PM

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Daria Pęziak-Kowalska, Anna Syguda, Łukasz Ławniczak, Andrzej Borkowski, Florence Fourcade, et al.. Hybrid electrochemical and biological treatment of herbicidal ionic liquids comprising the MCPA anion. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Elsevier, 2019, 181, pp.172-179. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.05.084⟩. ⟨hal-02179643⟩

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