Localization of Residual Conduction Gaps After Wide Antral Circumferential Ablation of Pulmonary Veins

Abstract : Ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is the cornerstone therapy for patients with symptomatic AF resistant to anti-arrhythmic drugs or as first-line therapy, and is based on permanent pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. The presence of a conduction gap in a wide antral circumferential ablation lesion around PVs is often sufficient to transform an initially successful ablation into a procedural failure, thus necessitating a redo intervention. The strategy during a redo procedure is based on the detection and ablation of the reconnection gap. Finding gaps is often simple, but also sometimes challenging, because gaps may be difficult to detect, resulting in unnecessary radiofrequency delivery. The present review aimed to describe the various techniques published thus far to detect residual reconnections along the encircling ablation lines around PVs, to help electrophysiologists to detect and ablate reconnection gaps. © 2019 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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Submitted on : Friday, July 12, 2019 - 8:58:09 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 13, 2019 - 1:23:04 AM

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R.P. Martins, V. Galand, N. Behar, J.-C. Daubert, P. Mabo, et al.. Localization of Residual Conduction Gaps After Wide Antral Circumferential Ablation of Pulmonary Veins. JACC Clinical Electrophysiology, 2019, 5 (7), pp.753-765. ⟨10.1016/j.jacep.2019.05.019⟩. ⟨hal-02181312⟩

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