Redox-switching of ternary Ni(ii) and Cu(ii) complexes synthesis, experimental and theoretical studies along with second-order nonlinear optical properties

Abstract : Four new ternary Ni(ii) and Cu(ii) complexes of ONO tridentate Schiff base and pyridylmethylenepyran (PyMP) ligands [(R-ONO)M(PyMP)] (R = anisyl = An M = Ni 1, Cu 2; R = ferrocenyl = Fc M = Ni 3, Cu 4) have been synthesized under facile reaction conditions starting from R-ONOH2, metal(ii) nitrate salts, and PyMP; R-ONOH2 stands for the Schiff base ligand precursors obtained by condensation of either 1-anisyl- or 1-ferrocenyl-butan-1,3-dione and 2-aminophenol. They have been thoroughly characterized with the help of various physicochemical tools, such as CHN analyses, IR and UV-vis spectra, H-1 NMR for diamagnetic Ni(ii) derivatives 1 and 3, and HRMS for paramagnetic Cu(ii) species 2 and 4. The molecular structures of 1-3 were authenticated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods, along with that of the doubly phenoxide-bridged dimer [Cu-2(mu-ONO-Fc)(2)(PyMp)(2)] (4 '), resulting from the recrystallization of 4. In 1-3, the four-coordinate nickel and copper atoms adopt a square planar geometry, whereas in 4 ' the Cu-II metal ion is five-coordinated in a square pyramidal environment with the pyridyl nitrogen occupying the apex. Electrochemical studies reveal two well-separated redox waves. The spin density distribution analyses reveal that the initial oxidation process is associated with a ligand-based level, with some ferrocenyl participation for the heterobimetallic compounds 3 and 4. Reversible redox switching can be established for 1 and 3 by time-resolved spectroelectrochemistry under thin-layer conditions where electrochemical cycling is associated with a significant modification of the UV-vis spectra of the chromophores. The second-order nonlinear optical responses of 1-4 along with those of assumed bispyrylium dimeric species 5 and 6, generated by chemical oxidation of 1 and 3, respectively, have been determined by harmonic light scattering measurements in dichloromethane solutions at 1.91 mu m incident wavelength. Rather high beta values ranging from 270-530 x 10(-30) esu were determined for 1-4. The beta value of 5 (800 x 10(-30) esu) was found to be almost twice that of its monomeric precursor 1, whereas the beta value of 6 (160 x 10(-30) esu) is reduced by half with respect to that of 3. In 5 the anisyl retains its donor ability whereas in 6 the electron-donating character of the oxidized ferrocenyl moiety is cancelled. Optimized geometries of the four compounds 1-4 as well as their electronic structures and that of their respective cations 1(+)-4(+) have been analyzed through DFT calculations, while TD-DFT computation has been used to interpret the major features of the UV-vis spectra.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 4, 2019 - 1:17:33 PM
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Néstor Novoa, Carolina Manzur, Thierry Roisnel, Vincent Dorcet, Nolwenn Cabon, et al.. Redox-switching of ternary Ni(ii) and Cu(ii) complexes synthesis, experimental and theoretical studies along with second-order nonlinear optical properties. New Journal of Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2019, 43 (26), pp.10468-10481. ⟨10.1039/c9nj01774g⟩. ⟨hal-02278401⟩

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