[Adaptive radiotherapy Strategies and benefits depending on tumor localization]

Résumé : Adaptive radiotherapy (ART) is a complexe image-guided radiotherapy modality that comprises multiple planning to account for anatomical variations occurring during irradiation. Schematically, two strategies of RTA can be distinguished and combined according to tumor locations. One or more replanning can be proposed to correct systematic variations such as tumor shrinkage. A library of treatment plans with day-to-day plan selection from cone-beam CT imaging can also be proposed to correct random variations such as uterine motion or bladder/rectum volume changes. Because of strong anatomical variations occurring during irradiation, RTA appears therefore particularly justified in head and neck, lung, bladder, cervical and rectum and pancreas tumors, and to a lesser extent for prostate tumors and other digestive tumors. For these tumor locations, ART provides a fairly clear dosimetric benefit but a clinical benefit not yet formally demonstrated. ART cannot be proposed in a routine practice but must be evaluated medico-economically in the context of prospective trials. A rigorous quality control must be associated.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 6, 2019 - 11:03:57 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 7, 2019 - 1:22:36 AM




A Briens, J Castelli, A Barateau, N Jaksic, K Gnep, et al.. [Adaptive radiotherapy Strategies and benefits depending on tumor localization]. Cancer Radiotherapie Journal de La Societe Francaise de Radiotherapie Oncologique, 2019, ⟨10.1016/j.canrad.2019.07.135⟩. ⟨hal-02280250⟩



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