Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Physiological and metabolic responses of freshwater and brackish strains of Microcystis aeruginosa acclimated to a salinity gradient: insight into salt tolerance

Abstract : Proliferation of microcystin (MC)-producing in brackish waters has been described in several locations and represents a new concern for public and environmental health. While the impact of a sudden salinity increase on physiology has been studied, less is known about the mechanisms involved in salt tolerance after acclimation. This study aims to compare the physiological responses of two strains of (PCC 7820 and PCC 7806), which were isolated from contrasted environments, to increasing salinities. After acclimation, growth and MC production rates were determined and metabolomic analyses were conducted. For both strains, salinity decreased the biovolume, growth, and MC production rates and induced the accumulation of polyunsaturated lipids identified as monogalactosyldiacylglycerol. The distinct salt tolerances (7.5 and 16.9) obtained between the freshwater (PCC 7820) and the brackish-water (PCC 7806) strains suggested different strategies to cope with the osmotic pressure, as revealed by targeted and untargeted metabolomic analyses. An accumulation of trehalose as the main compatible solute was obtained in the freshwater strain, while sucrose was mainly accumulated in the brackish one. Moreover, distinct levels of glycine betaine and proline accumulation were noted. Altogether, metabolomic analysis illustrated a strain-specific response to salt tolerance, involving compatible solute production. Blooms of and the production of microcystins are major issues in eutrophic freshwater bodies. Recently, an increasing number of proliferations of in brackish water has been documented. The occurrence of both and microcystins in coastal areas represents a new threat for human and environmental health. In order to better describe the mechanisms involved in sp. proliferation in brackish water, this study used two strains isolated from fresh and brackish waters. High salinity reduced the growth rate and microcystin production rate of In order to cope with higher salinities, the strains accumulated different cyanobacterial compatible solutes, as well as unsaturated lipids, explaining their distinct salt tolerance.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [146 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02280461
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 18, 2019 - 1:24:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 26, 2020 - 1:33:49 AM

File

Georges des Aulnois-2019-Physi...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

Maxime Georges Des Aulnois, Pauline Roux, Amandine Caruana, Damien Réveillon, Enora Briand, et al.. Physiological and metabolic responses of freshwater and brackish strains of Microcystis aeruginosa acclimated to a salinity gradient: insight into salt tolerance. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2019, 85 (21), pp.19. ⟨10.1128/AEM.01614-19⟩. ⟨hal-02280461⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

48

Files downloads

9