Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

L’émergence d’une archéologie des installations de pêche de l’estran : les barrages à poissons

Abstract : Fishweirs correspond to a primordial phase of the exploitation of natural resources: the one about shallow aquatic environments. Leaving important remains on the seashore, this universal technique lead to the rising of real archaeological approaches only over the past two decades. Fishweirs have emerged in the pre-agricultural societies of North America and Australia. They are now well attested in Europe, particularly by the corpus of Danish and Irish submerged mesolithic sites. It's very likely that, for these periods, these fishweirs were associated to early forms of social complexity. The low coasts of the Northern half of Europe supplied a rich corpus of medieval and modern fishweirs. The french atlantic seashore is rich in remains of ancient coastal fishweirs, from Charentes to norman coasts with an estimation of 1,600 sites. This knowledge has developed since 2006 on the coasts of Britanny and Normandy by the mean of systematic surveys and excavations. In the Mont-Saint-Michel, the excellent conservation of the remains and the complexity of the fishing sites, which used wood and stones, continue to amaze us. Particular issues about these fishweirs are discussed here: the scarcity of their figurative representations, the importance of their legal status since the Middle Age, the close links with the farming world, the scarcity of archaeological objects. The article refers also to the existence of very broad trapping sites in the tropical zone, in conjunction with the “kites” used to catch wild fauna.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02299300
Contributor : Catherine Gorlini <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 27, 2019 - 4:01:32 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 9:27:10 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Cyrille Billard, Marie-Yvane Daire. L’émergence d’une archéologie des installations de pêche de l’estran : les barrages à poissons. Les Nouvelles de l'archéologie, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 2019, Estrans, l'archéologie entre terre et mer, pp.21-27. ⟨10.4000/nda.6376⟩. ⟨hal-02299300⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

74