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PV-LVNet Direct left ventricle multitype indices estimation from 2D echocardiograms of paired apical views with deep neural networks

Abstract : Accurate direct estimation of the left ventricle (LV) multitype indices from two-dimensional (2D) echocardiograms of paired apical views, i.e., paired apical four-chamber (A4C) and two-chamber (A2C), is of great significance to clinically evaluate cardiac function. It enables a comprehensive assessment from multiple dimensions and views. Yet it is extremely challenging and has never been attempted, due to significantly varied LV shape and appearance across subjects and along cardiac cycle, the complexity brought by the paired different views, unexploited inter-frame indices relatedness hampering working effect, and low image quality preventing segmentation. We propose a paired-views LV network (PV-LVNet) to automatically and directly estimate LV multitype indices from paired echo apical views. Based on a newly designed Res-circle Net, the PV-LVNet robustly locates LV and automatically crops LV region of interest from A4C and A2C sequence with location module and image resampling, then accurately and consistently estimates 7 different indices of multiple dimensions (1D, 2D and 3D) and views (A2C, A4C, and union of A2C+A4C) with indices module. The experiments show that our method achieves high performance with accuracy up to 2.85mm mean absolute error and internal consistency up to 0.974 Cronbach's α for the cardiac indices estimation. All of these indicate that our method enables an efficient, accurate and reliable cardiac function diagnosis in clinical.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 28, 2019 - 10:09:13 AM
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Rongjun Ge, Guanyu Yang, Yang Chen, Limin Luo, Cheng Feng, et al.. PV-LVNet Direct left ventricle multitype indices estimation from 2D echocardiograms of paired apical views with deep neural networks. Medical Image Analysis, Elsevier, 2019, 58, pp.101554. ⟨10.1016/j.media.2019.101554⟩. ⟨hal-02304385⟩

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