A thiosemicarbazone derivative induces triple negative breast cancer cell apoptosis possible role of miRNA-125a-5p and miRNA-181a-5p

Abstract : Background - Breast cancer, the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women, accounts for the highest cancer-related deaths worldwide. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), lacking the expression of estrogen, progesterone and HER2 receptors, has an aggressive clinical phenotype and is susceptible to chemotherapy but not to hormonal or targeted immunotherapy. In an attempt to identify potent and selective anti-TNBC agents, a set of thiosemicarbazone derivatives were screened for their cytotoxic activity against MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cell line. Methods - MTT assay was used to examine cell viability. P53 phosphorylation status, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage as well as Bcl2 and Bax protein levels were assessed by Western blot. Quantitative Real Time-PCR was carried out to characterize miRNAs expression levels. Results - Combining Cisplatin + thiosemicarbazone compound 4 showed potent anti-TNBC potential. Cisplatin + compound 4 significantly enhanced p53 phosphorylation, induced Bax amount, reduced Bcl2 protein levels, enhanced PARP cleavage and modulated miRNAs expression profile in TNBCs, with a particular overexpression of miR-125a-5p and miR-181a-5p. Intriguingly, miR-125a-5p and miR-181a-5p could significantly downregulate BCL2 expression by binding to their target sites in the 3'UTR. Conclusions - Collectively, our results demonstrate an anti-TNBC activity of Cisplatin + thiosemicarbazone compound 4 combination mediated via induction of apoptosis.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02307029
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Submitted on : Monday, October 7, 2019 - 11:31:11 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 11:50:04 AM

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Rania El Majzoub, Mohammad Fayyad-Kazan, Assaad Nasr El Dine, Rawan Makki, Eva Hamade, et al.. A thiosemicarbazone derivative induces triple negative breast cancer cell apoptosis possible role of miRNA-125a-5p and miRNA-181a-5p. Genes and Genomics, 2019, ⟨10.1007/s13258-019-00866-y⟩. ⟨hal-02307029⟩

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