Éléments de réflexion sur les économies mésolithiques et néolithiques

Abstract : A global warming takes place around 15000 BP, with spectacular upheavals. For example the previously a steppe landscape of northern France is conquered by raised vegetation. The cold climate fauna is replaced by deer, roe deer and wild boar. All the biotopes are re-inhabited by people, who only rarely ventured into this territory during the glacial period. Until recently, we imagined Mesolithic populations as very scattered, living mainly on hunting, very similar to the last hunters-gatherers today who live in inhospitable environments (Pygmies, Luits, Bushmen). It is more than necessary to put an end to this pessimistic image of the good savage in favour of organized communities. New elements of reflection suggest a widely diversified food and a settled way of life, probably with violent clashes between neighbouring groups.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 30, 2019 - 9:59:03 AM
Last modification on : Friday, November 1, 2019 - 1:18:50 AM

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Emmanuel Ghesquière. Éléments de réflexion sur les économies mésolithiques et néolithiques. Revue Archéologique de l'Ouest, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2015, pp.13-24. ⟨10.4000/rao.2828⟩. ⟨hal-02338755⟩

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